Thursday, May 1, 2014

The Dead among the Living [بداية ونهاية] (Omar Sharif) - (1960)

The Dead among the Living [bedaya wa nehaya] (Omar Sharif) - (1960) Egyptian film poster

Pictured is an original 27" x 39" Egyptian poster made to promote the 1960 127-minute Salah Abouseif black-and-white film The Dead among the Living [bedaya wa nehaya] based on a novel by Naguib Mahfouz with screenplay by Salah Ezzedine, dialogue by Ahmed Shawqi and Kamel Abdel Salam and cinematography by Kamal Korayem. Plot summary: The head of the household died leaving the family suffering from hardship and deprivation. The oldest son Hassan [Farid Shawqi] ended up living in a depraved neighborhood dealing in drugs and women. Hussein [Kamal Hussein] the middle son took work with his middle school diploma to provide an opportunity for his brother Hassanein [Omar Sharif] to complete his studies and go to the war college. The daughter Nafisa [Sanaa Gamil] was without beauty and found herself driven out of the life of Soliman [Salah Mansour] the grocer after sinning with him. She continued on this disreputable path without any friends. She helped her brother Hassanein and her mother [Amina Rizk] with small amounts of money she had acquired. Hassanein graduated as an officer. He turned his back on his family, his fiancee Bayeha [Amal Farid] and his social milieu and rose to associate with the wealthy class through marriage. Hassan returned to his family broken-hearted, wounded and driven out of the police force. At the same time Hassanein was summoned to the police station because his sister had been accused of debauchery. Hassanein was in denial at first, but then knocked Nafisa down, kicked dirt on her and finally goaded her into drowning herself to eliminate the scandal after he was forced to acknowledge her guilt. This is the confrontation depicted on the poster. Then when it was too late he regretted her death, thought about his own life, saw his own world in ruins and jumped into the Nile himself.

This film is on film critic Ahmad Al-Hadari's 2007 list of the 100 most important Egyptian films.

Cast and crew: Salah Abouseif, Farid Shawqi, Amina Rizk, Amal Zayed, Sanaa Gamil, Kamal Hussein, Salah Mansour, Omar Sharif, Abdel Khalek Saleh, Kamal Korayem, Naguib Mahfouz, Amina Rizk, Amal Farid, Hamed Morsi, Ahmed Shoukry, Souraya Fakhry, Mokhtar Hussein, Mohamed Hamdi, Abdel Moniem Ismail, Kamal Karim, Salah Ezzedine, Ahmed Shawqi, Kamel Abdel Salam

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